A Conceptual Model for Measuring a Circular Economy of Seaports: A Case Study on Antwerp and Koper Ports

Location Ostend (BE)
Year 2022 (March)
Status Final
Language EN
Author(s) Rebeka Kovacic Lukman, Kristijan Brglez, Damjan Krajnc


This paper introduces a conceptual model for evaluating seaports’ acceleration towards the circular economy. The model is based on the identification and definition of circular economy indicators, weighted according to the 9 R-strategy transitions towards the circular economy. The analytical hierarchy process was applied for weight determination and further calculations of the final circularity value. The results suggest conceptual validity and provide a detailed insight into the circular activities of the seaports from the indicators, as well as 9 Rs and sustainability perspectives.

Open library


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